INCA Community Services History
Most South and Southeastern Oklahoma Counties started their "war on poverty" individually in 1966, as did many others around the nation, because of economic and social deprivation of human beings. This movement was considered necessary because there was no agency involved in treating the cause, as opposed to the effects, of poverty. Then, as now, the individuals organizing and operating these agencies were closely attuned to the problems of the poor and needy. In 1969, ten counties were consolidated into a single entity, Indian Nation Community Action Foundation, Inc., consisting of Atoka, Bryan, Carter, Coal, Garvin, Johnston, Love, Marshall, Murray and Pontotoc Counties. The Indian Nation Community Action Agency’s ten counties had a population of approximately 165,000 people and covered approximately 7,000 square miles, the largest in the state of Oklahoma. The enormous size created many problems, such as coordination efforts and attempting to generate community support that is so vital to it’s success. So on January 31, 1972, Bryan , Carter, Coal, Love, and Pontotoc counties were incorporated into the Big Five Community Services, leaving Indian Nations Community Action with Garvin, Atoka, Marshall, Murray, and Johnston counties. In 1974, the Indian Nations Community Action was retitled to be INCA Community Services. Inc. and the agency was reincorporated as a nonprofit agency. The name change came about due to the public confusing the Indian Nations Community Action as a program for Indians only. In 1977, Garvin County, for its own reason, decided to withdraw from membership in INCA Community Services and become an independent county. Atoka, Johnston, Marshall, and Murray, are the counties in our service area today.